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Archive for September, 2012

THESE CHILDREN HAVE AN UNHEARD OF DEADLY ALLERGY TO ALOE VERA

Friday, September 28th, 2012

The medicine plant is not always a medicine but a potential killer say these parents

Have you ever heard of an allergy to aloe vera the medicinal plant that has been around doing good for many hundreds of years.??? This plant has been espoused to be a wonder medicinal plant that has no known side effects nor any potentialy deadly aspects to it.

So we have a problem.
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Only a few days ago the author of this article and owner of this site Henry Sapiecha has had a conversation and one on one with two adults in a partnership and have 3 beautiful children who are all seriously allergic to the medicinal wonder plant aloe-vera.

The mother also has the same allergy to aloe-vera.The father is immune to all of this.

So it is assumed that the mother has passed on this allergy to her children.

One also knows that persons can be allergic to any of a number of plants, foods or whatever. However an allergy to aloe vera is unheard of. So here we are assessing why and how and whatever.

These people need your help to see how they can overcome this predicament..

If you are able to assist with some input as to what you know would correct their problem or assist in their plight, please forward your suggestion to our email admin@acbocallcentre.com or direct to thier email  muddles54@yahoo.com

The above photographs are of the family who are in this predicament

One of the children also has an allergy to mango juice and broccoli.

So figure that one out…?????

YOUR QUALIFIED INPUT WOULD BE TREMENDOUSLY APPRECIATED BY THEM


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Story reported, published & photos by Henry Sapiecha

TEAS TO TREAT DISEASES FROM A SOUTH AMERICAN HERBALIST

Monday, September 17th, 2012

Teas from a South American herbalist. He makes these claims below.

1…Avocado leaves/Hojas de Aguacate(Persea Americana)
High Blood Pressure

While we treasure the fruit of this tree, a tea of the leaves is useful in lowering arterial blood pressure.

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2…Bitter Melon/ Sorosi (Momordica charantia)
Acne, Diabetes,Cholesterol

This vine is so useful that people brought in with them to the Americas when they were brought from Africa as slaves, now it grows wild here. It’s bitter taste assures you of its medicinal properties. Acting as a blood cleanser, this tea helps to prevent acne from the inside. In the case of diabetes, this tea increases glucose uptake and glycogen synthesis, like natural insulin. Consult your physician before taking. Not for pregnant women.

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3…Bitter Wood/Hombre grande (Quassia amara)
Parasites, Diarrhea, Constipation

This woody shrub makes a bitter tea containing quassina, which rids your body of intestinal parasites, and stimulates the digestive organs, relieving both diarrhea and constipation. Take care with this tea, as ti can lower blood pressure. To prepare, put 2 teaspoons of the tea in one liter or 4 cups of room temperature water and let it stand overnight in the refrigerator, and store there until all is used. Drink one cup of tea each day.

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4…Carpenter Bush/Tilo (Justicia pectoralis)
Insomnia,

This herb is well renowned in Central America as a relaxing tea, especially used by people suffering from Insomnia. This natural alternative does not cause chemical dependency like some pharmaceutical drugs.

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5…Chinese Root/Cuculmeca (Smilax spp )
Tiredness, Anemia,Diabetes, Cholesterol,Blood tonic

The root of this vine makes an effective blood cleanser and tonic prized not only by indigenous people in tropical America, but also in Europe ever since Spanish explorers brought it back home to Spain. This tea is used for problems related to the blood, such as anemia,diabetes and cholesterol. It may also be drunk as a general tonic for tiredness. Prepare this as a decotion, boiling 1 teaspoon of the tea in 1 ½ cup water for 10 minutes to make one cup of tea

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6…Guava leaves/ Hojas de Guayaba (Psidium guajava)
Diarrhea, parasites, antioxidant.

The tea of Guava leaves is so well recognized as a remedy for diarrhea caused by intestinal parasites that doctors working in rural areas recommend it instead of manufactured drugs the tea also rehydrates the body to prevent dehydration due to diarrhea.

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7…Horsetail/Cola de caballo (Equisetum spp)
Kidneys stones


This plant, wich has been on Earth since the age the dinosaurs, has been used for centuries for illnesses associated with the urinary tract. Hosetail contains subtances such as flavonoids, glicosids, and saponins that stimulate the urinary system to expel kidney stones. Prepare this tea as a decoction, boiling 1 teaspoon of tea in 1 and ½ cup of water for 10 minutes.

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8…Lemon Grass/ Zacate de limon (Cymbopogon citratus)
Cold, fever

Many cultures use tea of this grass for colds and fever. The aromatic essential oils are the principle active agents.

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9…Min Verbena/ Juanilama (Lippia alba)
Colitis, gas

This is one of the most effective and best tasting remedies for digestive problems, such as colitis and gas. In some Central American countries, it a appropriately called ‘fast relief’

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10…Passion Fruit leaves/Maracuya (Passiflora edulis)
Nervousness

Besides producing one of the most exotic and delicious fruits in the tropics, this vine produces leaves containing flavonoids. This tea of these leaves acts as a natural sedative to help stabilize our nervous system when we suffer from anxiety or hyperactivity.

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11…Purple Mombin/ Hojas de jocote (Spondias purpurea)
Anemia

This tropical shrubs is known for its tasty fruit and tangy flavoursome leaves, but the leaves are also rich in iron, making this an excellent tea for anemia.

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12…Roselle/Rosa de Jamaica (Hibiscus sabdafiffa)
Diuretic, cholesterol, Vitamin C, antioxidant

This is one of the most popular and widely drunk beverages in the world. This tangy tea is made from the calyx of this hibiscus flower. The delightfully red tea is diuretic, lowers cholesterol, and is rich inVitamin C, making it an ideal, everyday drink . It may be sweetened and drunk hot or cold

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13…Sarsaparrilla/ Zarzaparrilla (Smilax spp)
Impotency, infertility, rheumatism, gout, strengthening tonic, kidneys stone

This vine belongs to one of the most popularly used plant families in the world for problem related to fertility. Indigenous people in Central America have used this powerful root for the same purpose and as a general strengthening tonic.

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14…Senna/Saragundi (Senna reticulata)
Constipation

Today many people suffer from inconsistent bowel movements. This Senna leaf tea relieves constipation. There are several related species of Senna which have been used by cultures around the world for their effective laxative properties.

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15…Sour Sop leaves/Hojas de Guanabana (Annona muricata)
Headaches

The delectable fruit of this plant is a treat for those visiting the tropics, and the leaves make a tea that acts as a sedative and relieves headaches. Preclinical studies in the USA have demonstrated a potential that substances in this plant attack cancerous cells without affecting healthy body cells.

Sourced & published by Henry Sapiecha

BLOOD PRESSURE REDUCED & OTHER MEDICAL BENEFITS WITH AVOCADO LEAF TEA. SEE THE VARIOUS AVOCADO TYPES

Sunday, September 16th, 2012
Hoja de aguacate (avocado leaf) persea americana:
Both fresh and dried avocado leaves, with thier licorice-like aroma, are used to season mixiotes, soups, chicken and fish dishes, and beans. It serves as an acceptable substitute for hoja santa in green moles. Taken three times a day on an empty stomach, avocado leaf tea is sometimes prescribed by Mexican herbalists to expel intestinal parasites. Eating the leaves is said to increase breast milk production & reduce blood pressure.
ooo
Persin is a fungicidal toxin present in the avocado
Persin has recently been discovered to kill breast cancer cells. It has also been shown to enhance the effect of the breast cancer fighting drug tamoxifen. This could potentially reduce the necessary dosage of current cancer drugs. Persin is however highly insoluble in aqueous solutions and more research will be needed to put it into a soluble tablet form

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Consumption of the leaves and bark of the avocado tree, or the skin and pit of the avocado fruit have been shown to have the following effects:

  • In birds (which are particularly sensitive to the avocado toxin), the symptoms are: increased heart rate, myocardial tissue damage, labored breathing, disordered plumage, unrest, weakness, and apathy. High doses cause acute respiratory syndrome (asphyxia), with death approximately 12 to 24 hours after consumption.
  • Lactating rabbits and mice: non-infectious mastitis and agalactia after consumption of leaves or bark.
  • Rabbits: cardial arrhythmia, submandibular edema and death after consumption of leaves.
  • Cows and goats: mastitis, decreased milk production after consumption of leaves or bark.
  • Horses: Clinical effects occur mainly in mares, and includes noninfectious mastitis, as well as occasional gastritis and colic.
  • Cats, Dogs: vomiting, diarrhea.
  • Hares, pigs, rats, sheep, ostriches, chickens, turkeys and fish: symptoms of intoxication similar those described above. The lethal dose is not known; the effect is different depending upon the animal species

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Toxicity to animals

Avocado leaves, bark, skin, or pit are documented to be harmful to animals; cats, dogs, cattle, goats, rabbits, rats, birds, fish, and horses[22][40] can be severely harmed or even killed when they consume them. The avocado fruit is poisonous to some birds, and the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) lists it as toxic to many animals including cats, dogs, and horses.[41]

Avocado leaves contain a toxic fatty acid derivative, persin, which in sufficient quantity can cause colic in horses and, without veterinary treatment, death.[42] The symptoms include gastrointestinal irritation, vomiting, diarrhoea, respiratory distress, congestion, fluid accumulation around the tissues of the heart, and even death. Birds also seem to be particularly sensitive to this toxic compound. Feeding avocados or guacamole to an animal should be avoided completely
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Nutritional value

Avocados have diverse fats. For a typical avocado:

High avocado intake was shown in one preliminary study to lower blood cholesterol levels. Specifically, after a seven-day diet rich in avocados, mild hypercholesterolemia patients showed a 17% decrease in total serum cholesterol levels. These subjects also showed a 22% decrease in both LDL (harmful cholesterol) and triglyceride levels and 11% increase in HDL (helpful cholesterol) levels.[32] Additionally a Japanese team synthesised the four chiral components, and identified (2R, 4R)-16-heptadecene-1, 2, 4-triol as a natural antibacterial component
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Avocado  cultivars

Choquette
A seedling from Miami, Florida on the property of Remi Choquette. Now a favored commercial cultivar in south Florida.
Hass
While dozens of cultivars are grown, the Hass avocado is today the most common. It produces fruit year-round and accounts for 80% of cultivated avocados in the world.[6][23] All Hass avocado trees are descended from a single “mother tree” raised by a mail carrier named Rudolph Hass, of La Habra Heights, California.[5][23] Hass patented the productive tree in 1935. The “mother tree”, of uncertain subspecies, died of root rot and was cut down in September, 2002.[6][23] Hass trees have medium-sized (150–250 g), ovate fruit with a black, pebbled skin. The flesh has a nutty, rich flavour with 19% oil. A hybrid Guatemalan type, it can withstand temperatures to −1 °C (30 °F).
Gwen
A seedling bred from Hass x Thille in 1982, Gwen is higher yielding and more dwarfing than Hass in California. The fruit has an oval shape, slightly smaller than Hass (100-200g), with a rich, nutty flavor. The skin texture is more finely pebbled than Hass, and is dull green when ripe. It is frost-hardy down to −1 °C (30 °F).
Lula
A seedling reportedly grown from a ‘Taft’ avocado planted in Miami, Florida on the property of George Cellon, named after Cellon’s wife Lula. It was likely a cross between Mexican and Guatemalan types. Lula was recognized for its flavor and high oil content and propagated commercially in Florida. It is also very commonly used as a rootstock for nursery production. Hardy to −4 °C (25 °F)
Pinkerton
First grown on the Pinkerton Ranch in Saticoy, California, in the early 1970s, Pinkerton is a seedling of Hass’ Rincon. The large fruit has a small seed, and its green skin deepens in color as it ripens. The thick flesh has a smooth, creamy texture, pale green color, good flavor and high oil content. It shows some cold tolerance, to −1 °C (30 °F) and bears consistently heavy crops. A hybrid Guatemalan type, it has excellent peeling characteristics.
Reed
Developed from a chance seedling found in 1948 by James S. Reed in California, Reed has large, round, green fruit with a smooth texture and dark, thick, glossy skin. Smooth and delicate, the flesh has a slightly nutty flavor. The skin ripens green. A Guatemalan type, it is hardy to −1 °C (30 °F). Tree size is about 5 by 4 meters.

B cultivars

Bacon
Developed by a farmer, James Bacon, in 1954, Bacon has medium-sized fruit with smooth, green skin with yellow-green, light tasting flesh. When ripe, the skin remains green, but darkens slightly, and fruit yields to gentle pressure. It is cold-hardy down to −5 °C (23 °F).
Brogden
Possibly a cross between Mexican and West Indian types, Brogden originated as a seedling grown in Winter Haven, Florida on the property of Tom W. Brogden. The variety was recognized for its cold-hardiness to −5 °C (23 °F) and became commercially propagated as nursery-stock for home growing. It is noted for its dark purple skin at maturity.
Ettinger
A Mexican/Guatemalan cross seedling of Fuerte, this cultivar originated in Israel, and was put into production there in 1947.

Mature trees tolerate four hours at −6 °C (21 °F). The fruit has a smooth, thin, green skin that does not peel easily. The flesh is very pale green.

Fuerte
A Mexican/Guatemalan cross originating in Puebla, the Fuerte earned its name, which means strong in Spanish, after it withstood a severe frost in California in 1913. Hardy to −3 °C (27 °F), it has medium-sized, pear-shaped fruit with a green, leathery, easy to peel skin. The creamy flesh of mild and rich flavour has 18% oil. The skin ripens green. Tree size is 6 by 4 meters.
Monroe
A Guatemalan/West Indian cross that originated from a seedling grown in Homestead, Florida on the property of J.J.L. Phillips, it was patented in 1937 and became a major commercial cultivar due to its cold hardiness and production qualities. The fruit is large, averaging over 2 pounds in weight, has an elliptical shape, and green, glossy skin. Hardy to −3 °C (27 °F).
Sharwil
Predominantly Guatemalan, with some Mexican race genes, Sharwil was selected in 1951 by Sir Frank Sharpe at Redland Bay, southern Queensland, Australia. The name “Sharwil” is an amalgamation of Sharp and Wilson (J.C. Wilson being the first propagator). Scions were sent from Australia to Hawaii in 1966. A medium-sized fruit with rough green skin, it closely resembles the Fuerte, but is slightly more oval in shape. The fruit has greenish-yellow flesh with a rich, nutty flavor and high oil content (20–24%), and a small seed. The skin is green when ripe. It represents more than 57% of the commercial farming in Hawaii, and represents up to 20% of all avocados grown in New South Wales, Australia. It is a regular and moderate bearer with excellent quality fruit, but is sensitive to frost. Disease and pest resistance are superior to Fuerte.
Zutano
Originated by R.L. Ruitt in Fallbrook in 1926, this Mexican variety is hardy to −4 °C (25 °F). The large, pear-shaped fruit has a shiny, thin, yellow-green skin that peels moderately easily. The flesh is pale green with fibers and has a light flavor.
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Other cultivars

Other avocado cultivars include Spinks. The fruit of the cultivar Florida, grown mostly outside California, is larger and rounder, with a smooth, medium-green skin, and a less-fatty, firmer and fibrous flesh. These are occasionally marketed as low-calorie avocados. Historically attested varieties (which may or may not survive among Horticulturists) include the Challenge, Dickinson, Kist, Queen, Rey, Royal, Sharpless, and Taft

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TOP TEN OLD DEADLY DISEASES

Sunday, September 9th, 2012

ARE THESE TEN OLD DEADLY DISEASES STILL A THREAT TO HUMANITY

In the study of ancient diseases, nothing speaks like the dead. “Bone abnormalities are a strong identification source,” said Dr. Anne Grauer, anthropologist at Loyola University Chicago and president of the Paleopathology Association, during a personal interview. So it’s relatively easy to date tuberculosis due to the lesions it leaves on bones. Pneumonia may be more ancient than TB, but lung tissue doesn’t hold up so well after being buried.
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“Another source for dating diseases is genomic data,” said Dr. Charlotte Roberts, archaeologist at the University of Durham and author of the book “The Archaeology of Disease.” DNA testing of samples from mummies and skeletons can conclusively identify disease. And even without the evidence of a body, genes in existing samples of TB and leprosy bacteria suggest prehistoric origin.

But the most difficult trick in defining the oldest known diseases may be in how you define the word “disease.” For the purposes of this article, we’ll explore only human, infectious, viral or bacterial diseases. So nix tooth decay, psoriasis, gout, obesity, rickets, epilepsy, arthritis and other human difficulties that are perhaps best classified as “conditions.”

Notably absent from this list are some of history’s biggest killers, including influenza, measles, and the black plague. This is because these diseases require and the level of population density that didn’t develop until humans began living in cities. Influenza, measles, and the plague are social. Malaria isn’t.

We’ve listed 10 of the oldest known diseases, listed in no particular order. On the next page, we’ll get started with a condition that thrives in close quarters.

10: Cholera

Around 400 B.C., the Athenian physician Hippocrates catalogued the diseases of his world. Cholera was on the list. But while Hippocrates provides the first proof of cholera beyond a reasonable doubt, the disease likely originated along the Ganges River while Athens was still a very young place.

Cholera lives in many of the world’s water sources, but it’s most dangerous when it has an environment in which there are many people among whom it can spread. The Ganges River happens to be one of the most ancient locations of human population density, and so it was long, long ago that upstream users gathered in the numbers needed to pollute the water for those downstream. In other words, as more people become infected with cholera, they pollute the water supply with more bacteria, which in turn infects more people.

Interestingly, the same problem might have been a major factor in the loss of troops in Hannibal’s march across the Alps. With a 50,000-soldier train, the troops and animals in front would have encountered pristine mountain streams, but those in back would have been forced to deal with putrid and potentially cholera-rich water [source: Hunt].
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9: Typhoid

From 430 to 426 B.C., a great plague swept through the city-state of Athens. The historian Thucydides describes the symptoms:

“People in good health were all of a sudden attacked by violent heats in the head and the throat or tongue, becoming bloody and emitting an unnatural and fetid breath. When it fixed in the stomach, it upset it; and discharges of bile of every kind named by physicians ensued, accompanied by very great distress. If they passed this stage, and the disease descended further into the bowels, inducing a violent ulceration there accompanied by severe diarrhea, this brought on a weakness which was generally fatal.”

The disease couldn’t have come at a worse time. The plague contributed to Athens’ eventual loss to Sparta in the Peloponnesian War and a long hiatus for democracy in world history.

What was the cause of this plague?

8: Leprosy

The Bible passage Leviticus 13:2 reads, “When a man shall have in the skin of his flesh a rising, a scab, or bright spot, and it be in the skin of his flesh like the plague of leprosy; then he shall be brought unto Aaron the priest, or unto one of his sons the priests.”

But this isn’t the first concrete mention of the disease. That honor goes to the Egyptian “Ebers Papyrus,” written in 1550 B.C., which recommends, “If you examine a large tumor of Khonsu in any part of a man and it is terrible and it has made many swellings. Something has appeared in it like that in which there is air … Then you shall say concerning it: It is a swelling of Khonsu. You should not do anything against it” [source: Nunn].

While typhoid and cholera are fairly straightforward in their aggressive spread through water sources, leprosy relies on another dispersion strategy — that of dormancy. People can carry the bacteria that cause leprosy for 20 years or more before showing symptoms, and during this time can spread the disease.

One historical challenge in treating leprosy was diagnosis. In its early stages of expression, leprosy looks much like syphilis and somewhat like psoriasis. Misdiagnosis landed many psoriasis sufferers in leper colonies where many eventually did, ironically, contract and die from leprosy due to increased exposure.

7: Smallpox

Generally, the goal of mummification is to preserve soft tissue. So, as you would expect, Egypt provides a treasure trove of information on ancient, soft tissue diseases.

One of the first researchers to turn a paleopathological eye on Egyptian mummies was Sir Marc Armand Ruffer, who in his 1921 book “Studies of the Palaeopathology of Egypt” described three mummies with “dome shaped vesicles” extremely similar to those expected of smallpox [source: Ruffer]. The most ancient of these mummies was dated 1580 B.C. and the most recent was the mummy of Ramses V, who died in 1157 B.C. After his own inspection of the mummy, Donald R. Hopkins, who participated in the World Health Organization’s Smallpox Eradication Program, wrote of Ramses V, “Inspection of the mummy revealed a rash of elevated ‘pustules’, each about 2 to 4 millimeters in diameter, that was most distinct on the lower face, neck, and shoulders, but was also visible on the arms.” [source: Hopkins]

Is this conclusive? No, not necessarily, and to date there has been no modern analysis of Ramses V that could definitively determine if his condition was, in fact, smallpox. But the circumstantial evidence seems strong.

Smallpox is one of history’s greatest killers, responsible for 300 to 500 million deaths in the 20th century [source: Saint Louis University].

6: Rabies

Rabies is ingenious: Not only does it infect a host, but it also hijacks the host’s brain in a way that makes the host want to bite things. This is how rabies gets a ticket to ride. And it’s been doing it since at least 2300 B.C., when it was described in the Eshuma Code of Babylon [source: Rupprecht et al.]

The first person known to have survived rabies without a vaccination is Jeanna Giese, a Wisconsin teen who was bitten in 2004 by a rabid bat while at church. The New York Times reports that Jeanna went a month between bite and treatment, and was admitted to the hospital with symptoms of full-blown rabies [source: Rosenthal]. Doctors at the Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin initiated a cocktail of coma-inducing and antiviral drugs, though Giese’s family credits prayer with saving the girl’s life.
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5: Malaria

The Romans offered the first cure for malaria: an amulet worn around the neck, inscribed with the powerful incantation “abracadabra” [source: Shah]. Over the years, we’ve attempted various other cures: adding oil to stagnant puddles to smother mosquito larvae, using pesticides, vaccines and nets, and even leveraging high-tech solutions such as a laser that shoots mosquitoes in midair. But the disease continues to infect 300 million people every year, killing 1 million of them [source: Shah].

The Wall Street Journal reports that malaria is responsible for half of all human deaths since the Stone Age [source: Shah].

Granted, that statistic extends the origin of the disease back in time past its first definite mention, which was in the Chinese “Nei Ching (“The Canon of Medicine”), around the year 2700 B.C. [source: CDC].

4: Pneumonia

People breathe more than 11,000 liters (3,000 gallons) of air every day [source: Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality]. And so, as you would expect, the lungs are a favorite home of bacteria, viruses, fungi and even parasites. And when anything foreign colonizes the lungs, the most common result is fluid. The umbrella term we use to describe fluid in the lungs is pneumonia.

Hippocrates wrote that fluid in the lungs should be called pneumonia if, “the fever be acute, and if there be pains on either side, or in both, and if expiration be if cough be present, and the sputa expectorated be of a blond or livid color” [source: Hippocrates]. But he also distinctly calls it a “disease of the ancients.”

Where exactly does pneumonia place in this list of oldest known diseases? Because it’s a soft tissue disease, the archaeological record isn’t strong. But it’s likely that various forms of pneumonia have been around as long as our lungs.

3: Tuberculosis

In 2008, a team of scientists from University College London excavated the submerged ancient city of Alit-Yam, off the coast of Israel. There, they found the buried remains of a mother and her child. Both skeletons showed bone lesions characteristic of tuberculosis [source: Lloyd]. DNA testing confirmed it: Tuberculosis is at least 9,000 years old.

Interestingly, this dig also lent evidence to an ongoing chicken-or-the-egg debate of whether we got TB from cows or they got it from us. In Alit-Yam, human skeletons showed signs of TB, while DNA from animal skeletons didn’t [source: Hershkovitz et al.]. So it seems cows are not the killers we once thought.

Other historical speculation has proved equally false: Neither the fossil nor DNA records support the cause of TB as nightly revelry with fairies and the resulting lack of rest, nor is the disease the result of witches who transform the victim into a horse and then ride the victim to nightly meetings, as were once thought [source: Briggs].

While the Alit-Yam finding is the oldest confirmed case of TB, characteristic lesions have been found on bones found in Turkey, dated about 500,000 years ago [source: Lloyd].

2: Trachoma

Trachoma is a chronic infection of the upper eyelid that eventually results in the eyelid constricting and turning the eyelashes in toward the cornea. Over time, the rubbing of the constricted eyelid and especially the eyelash makes the patient go blind. This is what happened to Aetius, Paulus Aeginetus, Alexander, Trailaus, Horace and Cicero. And trachoma is described in Hippocrates and in the Egyptian Ebers papyrus [sources: Siniscal and Nunn].

But researchers make a compelling case for earlier trachoma found in a corner of the world little associated with early diseases: Australia. Aboriginal skeletons from 8000 B.C. show a common skull lesion around the eyes [source: Webb]. Scientists determined that these lesions were due to bone infection that had come from soft tissue infection. Though there are a few eye diseases that could fit this bill, the skeletons were found in the Australian region in which trachoma is most common today.

1: Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

Mitochondria are small organelles found in nearly every cell in the human body. And they perform a function essential to human life, converting glucose from food to energy called adenosine triphosphate, or ATP, which cells can use.

But Mitochondria carry their own genetic material — separate from human DNA — and these genes look a lot like those of bacteria. In other words, it’s very likely that the mitochondria that we depend on for survival are the products of an ancient infection [source: Andersson et al.].

Whatever the infection, it predates animal life, let alone humans. So there’s no use exploring the fossil record. Instead, researchers compared the genes of mitochondria to those of existing bacteria. The closest match was to bacteria of order Rickettsiales, many of which cause diseases — including Rocky Mountain spotted fever [source: Eremeeva and Dasch, Andersson et al.].

But remember, we’re talking about a disease that existed before animal life. So the oldest disease isn’t really Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever itself, but some unnamed proto-disease with genetic similarity.

Long, long ago bacteria invaded a cell. And because of this infection, we have life as we know it

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Tha above data was sourced & published by Henry Sapiecha

CURE & TREATMENT CLAIMS OF THE RHOE PLANT

Sunday, September 9th, 2012

Bangka-bangkaan
Rhoeo discolor
MOSES-IN-THE-CRADLE

Other scientific names Common names
Rhoeo spathacea Bangka-bangkaan (Tag.)
Oyster plant (Engl.)
Moses-in-the-cradle (Engl.)

 

 

Etymology
Moses in a Cradle: The small white three-petaled flowers (Moses) arise from within the boat-shaped purple bracts (the cradle) nestled between the leaf axils. Botany
· A stout perennial herbaceous, somewhat fleshy plant, 0.5 m in height or less, the stem thick and unbranched.
· Leaves: lanceolate, acuminate, 40 to 60 cm long, 4 to 6 cm wide, fleshy, the upper surface dark green, the lower purple.
· Flowers: numerous in each inflorescence, fascicled, white, about 1 cm in diameter. Inflorescence, axillary, short, peduncled, the flowers surrounded by 2 large, imbricate, laterally compressed, distichous, 3 to 4 cm long, purplish bracts.

Distribution
Ornamental cultivation; scarcely established.

Parts utilized
Fowers, leaves.
Collect the whole year round. Sun-dry.

Properties and constituents
• Decongestant, expectorant, blood refrigerant, antidysenteric.
• Phytochemical studies yielded alkaloids, flavonoids, steroids, saponins, cardiac glycosides, terpenoids, tannin and phenolic coumpounds and oil

Uses
Folkloric
· Cough, cold, coughing phlegm with blood, whooping cough.
· Nose bleed.
· Bacillary dysentery, blood in the stool.
· Dosage: use 30 to 60 gms fresh material, 15 to 84 gms dried material or 20 to 30 pieces dried material in decoction.
· In Singapore, sold in markets as both ornamental and medicinal: Boiled in water, it is believed to have cooling properties.

Caution !
The plant sap is considered poisonous. Contact may cause stinging and itching of the skin and eyes. Ingestion may cause irritation of the lips, mouth, throat and abdominal pain.


Studies
Anti-tumor / Chemoprevention: Aqueous crude extract of Rhoeo discolor decreases the formation of liver preneoplastic foci in ratsIn Mexico, Rhoeo discolor has been used to treat cancer. A study was done to validate its antitumoral property. It showed a reduction of preneoplastic lesions and justifies continuing further studies for its chemoprevention potential.
Antigenotoxic, antimutagenic and ROS scavenging activities: (1) Extensively used in traditionally medicine in Mexico for the treatment of superficial mycoses, a study was done to evaluate its antimutagenic and antigenotoxic activities. The extract was neither mutagenic nor genotoxic. It showed dome radical scavenging, less than a-tocopherol and more than ascorbic acid. (2) Study of antimutagenic mechanisms showed the extract might be used to avoid DNA damage by alkylation, corrected alkylguanine transferase protein encoded with ogt gene.
• ·Antimicrobial / Phytochemical Constituents : Phytochemical studies yielded alkaloids, flavonoids, steroids, saponins, cardiac glycosides, terpenoids, tannin and phenolic coumpounds and oil. Study showed good inhibitory activity with dose-dependent increase in effect. K pneumonia was found to be most susceptible.

Sourced & published by Henry Sapiecha