Archive for December, 2014


Sunday, December 28th, 2014

Dede Koswara AKA Tree Man of Indonesia

 the tree man of indonesia warts on body image

Dede Koswara was a normal boy until he was ten years old and he scraped his knee in the forest of his country of Indonesia. Then he soon began sprouting warts around the wound which spread to his hands and feet. It turned out he was unlucky enough to suffer from not only the virus that causes warts but an immune deficiency which allows it to spread uncontrolled, leaving him looking like he is covered with tree bark. Surgeons once cut off 13 pounds worth of warts but they all grew back.


Henry Sapiecha


Tuesday, December 23rd, 2014

For a certain type of clinical vertigo, curing the disorder can be as straightforward as moving your head in a specific way — and thanks to YouTube, a lot more people are doing it.

If you have benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), you suffer from vertigo because the otoliths (small calcium crystals in your ear) have moved to the wrong area, and they’re horribly distorting your perceptions of motion. And, in a clinical version of shaking the water out of your ear, you can knock them back into the right place.

The Epley maneuver consists of a specific set of ways to manipulate your head, to guide the otoliths back to their home — like a version of the wooden labyrinth game, but in your skull. By tilting your head in the prescribed way, the crystals should return to where they belong.

And with a comparatively straightforward treatment like this, it shouldn’t be surprising that video guides to the technique have sprung up on YouTube, like the one above. According to a new study in Neurology, these videos were generally accurate, and just five videos accounted for some 85% of the hits on the topic.

“It was good to see that the video with the most hits was the one developed by the American Academy of Neurology when it published its guideline recommending the use of the Epley maneuver in 2008 and then posted on YouTube by a lay person,” study author Kevin A. Kerber, MD said. “But it was also good that the majority of the videos demonstrated the maneuver accurately.”

The study also points out that health professionals are using these YouTube videos to educate patients, and sufferers are using it on themselves.

While this is a great example of democratization of treatment, it does raise questions about people treating themselves based on what they find on YouTube. Sure, this one is relatively benign and easy to do at home, but what if the information was inaccurate? Or made things worse?

On the other hand, you can always use YouTube to induce vertigo like symptoms, if you’re into that sort of thing.

animal skin belts for sale banner image www.pythonjungle (1)

Henry Sapiecha

African parasitic worm found in man’s foot

Thursday, December 11th, 2014

foot xray shows worm inside image

A parasitic worm that grows up to a metre long has been found in the foot of a Melbourne man who is believed to have been living with it for years.

The worm, which usually burrows into its victims’ intestines and digs through their body to try to exit through a painful blister on their skin, was recently diagnosed in a Sudanese migrant who had been living in Australia for four years.

Dr Jonathan Darby, an infectious diseases physician at St Vincent’s Hospital, said the 38-year-old man sought help for a swollen foot that had been painful for about a year, prompting doctors to wonder if he had stood on something that had become stuck in his foot or had caused an infection.

But to their surprise, an X-ray showed what appeared to be two pieces of curled up “Guinea worm” or Dracunculiasis medinensis in his ankle and foot.

Despite its ability to grow to great lengths, the two pieces of worm were only several centimetres long, probably because it had died and started to degenerate inside the man. It was surgically removed and the man made a full recovery.

The parasite, found in Africa, enters people through drinking water containing water fleas that have ingested Dracunculus larvae. Once swallowed, the larvae burrow into the walls of the intestines where they develop into adult worms that look like spaghetti. The female worms usually then move through tissue in the abdomen and into the legs, feet or toes, where they try to emerge through skin, producing painful blisters or ulcers.

Dr Darby said this usually causes people a burning sensation that makes them put the affected part of their body into water. If the worms meet water, the females discharge their larvae, setting in motion a new life cycle.

“That whole process can take years. It can sit inside the human body alive for years or die, degenerate, and then cause problems in the area like it did for our patient,” he said.

In developing countries, Dr Darby said live worms are usually delicately pulled from people’s exit wounds over days or weeks to ensure they don’t break and cause more harm.

“If you google it, you’ll find some fairly dramatic photos of people getting match sticks and twirling their worm out centimetre per day,” he said.

Dr Darby said the Melbourne man – a Sudanese migrant who had not left Australia since he arrived four years ago – was most likely infected in Africa where the parasite is still found in Southern Sudan, Ethiopia, Ghana and Chad despite efforts to eradicate it. While there is no treatment for the disease, people carrying the parasites cannot infect others.

Details of the case were published in the medical journal Pathology to inform doctors about the possibility of it in people with symptoms, particularly migrants.

“Increased refugee and migration movement from endemic as well as recently certified free countries may lead to cases of imported dracunculiasis being reported, and hence clinical vigilance in non-endemic countries remains important,” the doctors wrote.

Henry Sapiecha


Thursday, December 11th, 2014

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Just a kind word to the great courteous talented staff of the Maryborough hospital Queensland Australia.

Yours truly went there today for a foot repair after getting stabbed by a dangerous stick

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Despite my earlier efforts over the last several days to do the Moucho thing & fix it myself

it became infected & I sought the hospitals help.

Not only did I get swift attention but the women medical staff surrounded me with kindness & care.

I should get damaged more often. They had gave me a local & cleaned up the wound, took my blood pressure

then put a antibiotic drip feed into me & gave me some painkillers to take away the shakes & pain that the infection was creating.

They said my temperature was over the top & I had a fever.

The outcome was great as the painkillers took away the edge of the pain with some relief for me

Perscribed me some anti b’s with pain killers & asked me to come back tomorrow for an ultrasound

to ensure other remnants of the offending stick were not lodged within the crevice of my foot

NOTE UPDATE..The ultrasound was done the next day & there was still a stick about 20mm long still imbedded deep in my heel.

That was removed the next day & I was deeply relieved it was all out finally.

naughty-nurse-costumenaughty-nurse-sexy-costumeNURSE SEXY IMAGE

NOTE-If anybody ever complains about the service at Queenslands hospitals, they are mad.

I have nothing but praise for the facilities & staff.

I have had similar experiences over 4 times now in the last few years.

Words are not enough girls. Keep up the great work. We are proud of you & value your services.

Thank you

*[A special thanks to Leah who is an apprentice chef & was entertaining me in the waiting area]

Henry Sapiecha



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Saturday, December 6th, 2014

Henry Sapiecha

Melbourne Uni cancer researchers make a fluke discovery

Saturday, December 6th, 2014

asian liver fluke image

Dr Neil Young and Professor Robin Gasser, scientists at the University of Melbourne have sequenced the genome of a cancer-causing parasite known as the Asian liver fluke.The tiny parasite found in raw fish is known to cause a number of diseases, including fatal bile duct cancer, by releasing proteins that can alter human tissue. These disease affect millions all around Asia.The study could provide a much-needed insight into how parasite is able to survive and thrive within the harsh conditions within the human bile duct.

Professors Young and Gasser believe that their study could lead to new treatments against parasites and parasite-induced cancers around the world.

[img source] University of Melbourne

Henry Sapiecha

Drink THIS First Thing in the Morning to reduce signs of aging & recharge your batteries

Saturday, December 6th, 2014

This daily trick can help you detoxify, improve your digestion and boost your metabolism & energy levels

warm-lemon drink image
You’re bombarded with toxins in today’s modern world… everywhere from the polluted air you breathe, the water you drink, the shampoos and other cosmetics that lather your body with chemicals, and of course, all of the chemical additives, pesticides, hormones, antibiotics and other harmful compounds in the food that you eat.

All of these TOXINS can have harmful effects on your body, harming your metabolism and hormones, impairing your digestive system, and zapping your energy levels.

If I could tell you ONE thing that you could do each morning right as you wake up to help your body eliminate some of these toxins, improve your digestion, stimulate your metabolism, and BOOST your energy, would you do it?

Of course you would… and it takes less than 1 minute!

Here’s the trick…

Immediately upon waking each day, squeeze about 1/2 to 1 full lemon (depending on size of the lemon) into an 8 oz glass of warm or room temperature purified water.  This is gentler on your body first thing in the morning compared to ice cold water.  I’ve found that slicing the lemon into quarters before squeezing by hand is easier than squeezing halves.

Drink this at least 10 minutes before eating any food for the day.

Make sure to use fresh organic lemons to make this drink, and not bottled lemon juice.  You want to use organic lemons to avoid the pesticides that can accumulate.
3 Major benefits of this morning drink to your body, health, and energy:

According to a leading health publication,

“The health promoting benefits of lemons are powerful. For centuries, it has been known that lemons contain powerful antibacterial, antiviral and immune boosting components. We know that lemons are a great digestive aid and liver cleanser. 

Lemons contain citric acid, magnesium, bioflavonoids, vitamin C, pectin, calcium and limonene, which supercharge our immunity so that the body can fight infection.

Lemons are considered one of the most alkalizing foods you can eat. This may seem untrue as they are acidic on their own. However, in the body, lemons are alkaline; the citric acid does not create acidity once it has been metabolized. The minerals in lemons are actually what helps to alkalize the blood.  Most people are too acidic (from eating too much sugar and grains), and drinking warm lemon water helps reduce overall acidity, drawing uric acid from the joints.

This reduces the pain and inflammation which many people feel. And the American Cancer Society recommends warm lemon water to encourage regular bowel movements.”

Benefits that you can enjoy:

1. Improves your digestion:

Lemon juice helps your body improve digestion and stimulates bile production. Lemon juice can even be an aid for heartburn and indigestion.
2. Boosts your energy for the day:

Even just the scent of lemon juice has been shown to improve your mood and energy levels, and reduce anxiety.  Plus the detoxifying effect and alkalizing effect of fresh organic lemon juice can improve your energy through the removal of toxins from your body.
3. Helps you to lose fat:

Since lemon juice helps to improve your digestive system, aids in removal of toxins, and increases your energy levels, this all combines together to help you to lose body fat as well through improving your hormonal balance… Yet another reason to add warm lemon water to your daily morning routine!

Henry Sapiecha


One out of every10 surgery deaths are due to flawed care or injury caused by treatment

Friday, December 5th, 2014

hospital bed patient image

Dangerous: Surgery risks can outweigh benefits. Photo: Nic Walker

More than one in 10 deaths during or after surgery involved flawed care or serious injury caused by the treatment, a national audit has found.

The Australian and New Zealand Audits of Surgical Mortality shows delays in treatment or decisions by surgeons to perform futile surgeries are still the most common problems linked to surgical deaths.

But surgery also appears to be getting a little safer, with the audit, which covers almost every surgery death in Australia, finding fewer faults with the medical care provided to patients than it has in the past.

Audit chair Guy Maddern said of the deaths where there were concerns, about 5 per cent involved serious adverse events that were likely to have contributed to the person’s death.

In about 8 per cent of cases, the audit found some area of care could have been delivered better.

“These are the sorts of deaths where it was a difficult surgery, and instead of going straight to an operation, maybe additional X-rays and imaging should have been pursued, or maybe the skill set of the team that was operating could have been more appropriate,” he said.

“Sometimes, of course, the result would have been exactly the same.”

Surgical deaths: when things go wrong

Percentage of deaths with issues identified, by specialty

Professor Maddern said some surgeons, particularly in general surgery, orthopaedics, and, to a lesser extent, neurosurgery, still needed to work on deciding not to proceed with surgeries where the risks outweighed the benefits.

“People are thinking a little bit longer and harder about whether an operation is really going to alter the outcome,” he said. “These are the types of cases where you know before you begin that it is not going to end well.”

However, in some areas with many patients with complex conditions, things were just more likely to go wrong.

The report, which includes data from nearly 18,600 deaths over five years, found in 2013 the decision to operate was the most common reason a death was reviewed.

Overall, delays in treatment, linked to issues such as patients needing to be transferred or surgeons delaying the decision to operate, were still the most common problem, and in about 26 per cent of the deaths no surgery was performed.

Between 2009 and 2013, the report shows a decrease in the proportion of patients who died with serious infection causing sepsis from 12 per cent to 9 per cent, while significant post-operative bleeding decreased from 12 per cent to 11 per cent. Serious adverse events halved from 6 per cent of deaths in 2009 to 3 per cent in 2013.

Every public hospital now participates in the audit, along with all private hospitals in every state except NSW. However, Professor Maddern said he was pleased NSW private hospitals had agreed to participate in future.

Doctors are now provided with regular case studies from the audit, in which de-identified information about the death is provided, so they can learn from any mistakes.

“What we are seeing is an overall decrease in deaths associated with surgical care, which may be due to many things, and we think the audit is helping,” he said. “It’s making people think twice.”

Professor Guy Maddern’s tips on protecting yourself in surgery

1. If you are away from a major hospital, get yourself to one. A particular problem, Professor Maddern says, exists when rural patients resist transfers to major hospitals because they don’t want to leave their families.

2. Lose weight and don’t smoke.The proportion of deaths where obesity was a factor increased slightly this year. “An operation done on a thin person relative to a fat person can have a completely different outcome,” Professor Maddern says. This is particularly important for older people, who have the most operations.

3. Go to a hospital that performs a lot of the type of surgery you are going to have, particularly if it is complex. Remember, practice makes perfect.

Henry Sapiecha



Friday, December 5th, 2014



Henry Sapiecha


Friday, December 5th, 2014

 mutations symbol header logo image

1…Uner Tan Syndrome

Uner Tan syndrome is a somewhat controversial condition, whose most obvious property is that people who suffer from it walk on all fours. UTS is a syndrome that was proposed by the Turkish evolutionary biologist Üner Tan after studying five members of the Ulaş family in rural Turkey. These individuals walk with a quadrupedal locomotion, use primitive speech, and have a congenital brain impairment (including “disturbed conscious experience”). The family was featured in a 2006 BBC2 documentary called, “The Family That Walks On All Fours.” Tan describes it like this:

The genetic nature of this syndrome suggests a backward stage in human evolution, which is most probably caused by a genetic mutation, rendering, in turn, the transition from quadrupedality to bipedality. This would then be consistent with theories of punctuated evolution.

The new syndrome, says Tan, “may be used as a live model for human evolution.” Some experts think this is bunk, and that genetics may have very little to do with it.

2… Hypertrichosis

Hypertrichosis is also called “werewolf syndrome” or Ambras syndrome, and it affects as few as one in a billion people; and in fact, only 50 cases have been documented since the Middle Ages.

werewolf mens faces image

People with hypertrichosis have excessive hair on the shoulders, face, and ears. Studies have implicated it to a rearrangement of chromosome 8. It happens due to a disruption of the “crosstalk” between the epidermis and the dermis as hair follicles form in the 3-month fetus at the eyebrows and down to the toes. Normally, signals from the dermis send the messages to form follicles. As a follicle forms, it sends signals to prevent the area around it from also becoming a follicle, which results in the equal spacing of our five million or so follicles. Most of our body parts ignore the messages to form follicles, which explains why most of us are relatively hairless.

3… Epidermodysplasia Verruciformis

Epidermodysplasia Verruciformis image

Epidermodysplasia verruciformis is an extremely rare disorder that makes people prone to widespread human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. This infection causes scaly macules and papules (cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas) to grow on the hands, feet, and even face. These skin “eruptions” appear as wart-like lesions — and even wood-like and horn-like growths — with reddish-brown pigmented plaques. Typically, the skin tumors start to emerge in people between the age of 20 and 40, and the growths tend to appear on areas exposed to the sun. Also called Lewandowsky-Lutz dysplasia, there is no known cure, though treatments to scale back the growths are possible.

The disorder was brought to the public’s attention in November 2007 when a video of a 34-year-old Indonesian man named Dede Koswara appeared on the internet. In 2008, he underwent surgery to have 13 pounds (6 kg) of the warts removed. After the lesions and horns were extracted from his hands, head, torso, and feet, his hands were grafted with new skin. In all, about 95% of the warts were removed.

4. Proteus Syndrome

elephant man condition image

In conjunction with neurofibromatosis type I, this is the disease that likely afflicted Joseph Merrick, the so-called Elephant Man. It’s a condition in which bones, skin, and other tissues are overgrown. Individuals typically have organs and tissues that grow out of proportion with the rest of their body, and because the overgrowth varies and exhibits no apparent order, it can result in strange and imbalanced features. Signs of the disorder don’t usually appear until about 6 to 18 months after birth. The severity of proteus syndrome varies from individual to individual, and it occurs in less than one in one million people. And in fact, only a few hundred documented cases have ever been reported.

The disorder results from a mutation in the AKT1 gene (which regulates cell growth), causing mosaicism; as cells grow and divide, some cells exhibit the mutation while others do not. The resulting mixture of normal and abnormal cells is what causes the overgrowth.

5. Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Disorder (SCID)

Also known as the Boy in the Bubble Disease, it’s a disorder in which individuals are born without an effective immune system.

boy in the bubble disease image

The disease was made famous by virtue of the 1976 film, The Boy in the Plastic Bubble, a story inspired by the lives of David Vetter and Ted deVita. In the movie, a boy is forced to live in plastic isolation for fear of exposure to unfiltered air and the introduction of life-threatening pathogens. In real life, Vetter lived in this condition for 13 years, but he died in 1984 following an unsuccessful bone marrow transplant (a failed attempt to help him fight infections).

And indeed, the disorder is caused by a number of genes, including those that cause defects in both T and B cell responses — which has a downstream negative effect on the production of lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell). SCID is also thought to arise due to the lack of adenosine deaminase (ADA). Interestingly, SCID was the first human illness treated by human gene therapy in 1990, and is increasingly being used to treat children. Image: Baylor College of Medicine Archives.

6…Lesch–Nyhan Syndrome

Lesch–Nyhan Syndrome hand image

LNS is a genetic disorder that affects one in every 380,000 births, nearly all of them boys. It results in an overproduction of uric acid — a waste product of normal chemical processes that’s found in blood

and urine. But individuals with Lesch-Nyhan release excess uric acid through their blood which builds up under the skin causing gouty arthritis. It can also cause kidney and bladder stones.

The disease also affects neurological function and behavior. Individuals exhibit involuntary body movements, like tensing muscles, jerking movements, and flailing limbs. Self-mutilating behaviors are also common, including head banging, and lip and finger biting. Individuals can be given allopurinol to help with the gout, but treatments for the neurological and behavioral aspects of the disease remain out of reach.

7… Progeria

This genetic disorder is as rare as it is severe.

The classic form of the disease, called Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria, causes accelerated aging.

aging prematurley man image

Most children who have progeria essentially die of age-related diseases around the age of 13, but some can live into their 20s. Death is typically caused by a heart attack or stroke. It affects as few as one per eight million live births.

The disease is caused by a mutation in the LMNA gene, a protein that provides support to the cell nucleus. Other symptoms of progeria include rigid (sclerotic) skin, full body baldness (alopecia), bone abnormalities, growth impairment, and a characteristic “sculptured” nasal tip.

Progeria is of great interest to gerontologists who hope connect genetic factors to the aging process. Image: HBO.

8…Horned woman


101 Years Old Horned Woman

Zhang Ruifang, now 101 years old of Linlou Village, Henan Province, China, began developing a goat-like horn on her forehead in2009.

9…Tears of Blood


Indian Girl with Tears of Blood

Twinkle Dwivedi, 14 years old of India, had this rare disease of excessive bleeding coming out from her eyes, hairlines, nose, neck and sole of her feet. She bleeds 50 times a day resulting from loss of blood and have her blood transfusion everyday. She bleeds excessively without any wounds or injury.

10..Eight-Limb Child


Lakshmi Tatma born in India with eight limbs and believed to be a reincarnation of Hindu goddess Vishnu. But some medical team believed that the child was born with joined parasitic twin and have to undergo a surgery under 30 surgeons to remove two of her useless arms and legs.

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Henry Sapiecha