Archive for the ‘BODY GENERALLY’ Category


Saturday, October 8th, 2016

Remarkably preserved body mystifies scientists as to how it was done.

The 2000-year-old corpse of a Chinese woman named Xin Zhui still had pliable organs & limbs


Henry Sapiecha

Australian biomedical engineering team builds Google Maps for the body as this video report reveals

Wednesday, April 1st, 2015

Biomedical engineer Melissa Knothe Tate's team have invented a Google Maps for the body.

Biomedical engineer Melissa Knothe Tate’s team have invented a Google Maps for the body.

Google’s mapping technologies quite literally open our eyes to the whole world. With the click of a mouse, you can zoom from a view of the world to a view of a country, then a city, a street, even a house.

Now the same kind of mapping can be achieved on the human body.

On Sunday, UNSW biomedical engineer Professor Melissa Knothe Tate announced at a conference in the US a new imaging technology that allows researchers, and eventually clinicians, to view an entire organ or bone before zooming down to an individual cell in that tissue.

“This is the first Google Maps of the human body,” she said.

Many diseases can start with damage to individual cells.

“It all starts with a single cell and then through the confluence of events we get global disaster,” said Professor Knothe Tate, the Paul Trainor Chair of Biomedical Engineering.

Her team have used the new technology to explore the human hip joint and the development of osteoarthritis, the leading cause of disability in ageing adults.

For the first time they were able to tie malfunction in individual cells to the condition. Other research teams at Harvard University and Heidelberg University in Germany are using the imaging to map neural paths in mice brains.

The technology offers several medical advantages: clinicians will be able to identify damage to an organ earlier and potentially prevent further progression of the condition.

Future research could also reverse the deterioration of tissues, said Professor Knothe Tate.

“This could open the door to as yet unknown new therapies and preventions,” she said.

The imaging technology was originally invented for the computer industry by German optical and industrial measurement manufacturer, Zeiss.

In 2011, while working in Germany, Professor Knothe Tate sat next to a Zeiss worker while on a bus home from a scientific meeting. When she explained her work the man mentioned his company’s “top secret” technology – known as the rapid throughput electron microscopy imaging system – that had been developed to quickly assess the quality of silicon wafers widely used by the electronics industry.

“He asked me whether I could imagine some applications [of this technology] in the life sciences sector,” she said.

“I answered immediately that I could think of about 10.”

From there the company teamed up with Professor Knothe Tate and other international researchers to apply this sophisticated microscopy to produce images over different length scales, from centimetres-long human joints to nanometre-sized molecules inside a single cell inhabiting the tissue. Using Google Maps algorithms the team then crunches enormous data-sets to allow researchers, and the public, to zoom in and out of the images.

“This is something we’ve dreamed about doing,” she said.

Previously, visualising body parts over different length scales meant using different imaging techniques and bridging them together.

Professor Knothe Tate presented the new technology at the Orthopedic Research Society meeting in Las Vegas on Sunday.

Henry Sapiecha


Saturday, September 10th, 2011


1. The stomach’s digestive acids are strong enough to dissolve some metals ‘zinc.’ Fortunately for us, the stomach lining cells renew very quickly so that the acids don’t have enough time to dissolve it.

2. The human lungs contain over 300,000 million capillaries (tiny blood vessels). If they were laid end to end, they would stretch 2400km (1500 miles).

3. A mans testicles manufacture 10 million new sperm cells each day – enough that he could repopulate the entire globe in only 6 months!

4. Human bone is as strong as granite in supporting weight. A block of bone the size of a matchbox can support 9 tonnes – that is four times as much as manfactured concrete can support.

5. Each human finger and toenail takes six months to grow from base to tip.

6. The largest organ in the human body is the skin. In an adult man it covers about 1.9m2 (20sq ft). The skin constantly flakes off – in a lifetime each person sheds about 18kg (40 lb) of skin.

7. When you are sleeping, you grow by about 8mm (0.3in). The next day you shrink back to your former height. The apparent reason is that your cartilage discs are squeezed like sponges by the force of gravity when you stand or sit.

8. The average person in the West eats 50 tonnes of food and drinks 50,000 litres (11,000 gallons) of liquid during his life.

9. Each kidney contains 1 million individual filters. They filter an average of around 1.3 litres(2.2 pints) of blood per minute, and expel up to 1.4 litres (2.5 pints) a day of urine.

10. The focusing muscles of the eyes move about 100,000 times a day. To give your leg muscles the same workout, you would need to walk 80km (50 miles) every day.

11. In 30 minutes, the average body gives off enough heat (combined) to bring two litres or half gallon of water to the boil.

12. A single human blood cell takes just 60 seconds to make a complete circuit of the body.

13. A foreskin, the size of a postage stamp, from circumcised babies take only 21 days to grow skin that can cover three (3) basketball courts. Amazing isn’t it. Thanks to science. The laboratory-grown skin is used in treating burn patients.

14. The eyes receive approximately 90 percent of all our information, making us basically predominately visual creatures.

15. The female ovaries contain almost half-a-million egg cells, but only 400 or so will ever get the opportunity to create a new life.

Sourced & published by Henry Sapiecha


Sunday, March 27th, 2011

Making blood from human skin

By Grant Banks

03:48 November 14, 2010

Blood transfusions may one day come from blood produced from a patient's skin

Blood transfusions may one day come from blood produced from a patient’s skin

A new technique that allows blood to be made directly from skin cells has been discovered. The pioneering approach by Canadian researchers uses human skin stem cells to create blood stem cells without an intermediate step that previously was thought necessary.

Until now to make blood stem cells, the building blocks for a variety human cells (called pluripotent stem cells) have been used as a steppingstone a process. This has proven largely inefficient, but research led by Mick Bhatia, scientific director ofMcMaster’s Stem Cell and Cancer Research Instituteat the Michael G DeGroote School of Medicine, has shown that making blood from skin can be achieved in a one step process.

Cynthia Dunbar, head of the molecular hematopoiesis at the U.S National Institutes of Health said: “Bhatia’s approach detours around the pluripotent stem cell stage and thus avoids many safety issues, increases efficiency, and also has the major benefit of producing adult-type l blood cells instead of fetal blood cells, a major advantage compared to the thus far disappointing attempts to produce blood cells from human embryonic stem cells or induced pluripotent stem cells.”

The discovery was replicated several times over two years using human skin from both the young and the elderly to prove it works for any age of person.

The approach could be used for creating blood for surgery or treating conditions like anemia from a patch of the patient’s skin. Other potential applications include generating bone marrow and improved treatment of leukaemia and other types of cancer, including solid tumors.

“We have shown this works using human skin. We know how it works and believe we can even improve on the process,” Bhatia said. “We’ll now go on to work on developing other types of human cell types from skin, as we already have encouraging evidence.”

“This finding will no doubt be met with excitement in the research and medical communities,” said Michael Rudnicki, director of The Stem Cell Network. “It’s been nearly 50 years since blood stem cells were first identified here in Canada and it’s fitting that this incredible new discovery should have happened here as well.”

The research was published in Nature on November 7.

Sourced & published by Henry Sapiecha


Friday, February 25th, 2011

Little people secret

that might save

big problems of

diabetes, cancer

Nicky Phillips

February 18, 2011

Then and now ... members of the group of 99 Ecuadorians with dwarfism who took part in a 22-year study, pictured at the start of the study in 1988, above, and in 2009.
Then and now … members of the group of 99 Ecuadorians with dwarfism who took part in a 22-year study, pictured at the start of the study in 1988, above, and in 2009.

A GROUP with dwarfism from a province in Ecuador could hold clues to preventing cancer.

Of the 99 individuals, who are in perfect proportion except for a genetic mutation that stunts their growth, only one developed cancer during a 22-year study.

Scientists researching the group believe this growth mutation is the key to their disease immunity, and suggest drugs could give a similar degree of protection to full-grown adults.

An Ecuadorian endocrinologist and co-author of the study, Jaime Guevara-Aguirre, said researchers first noticed the lack of chronic disease in the community while they were investigating their growth defect.

”[We] were more in search of problems than solutions,” he said.

After more than two decades of following those with Laron dwarfism, which is caused by a mutation in their growth hormone receptor gene, Dr Guevara-Aguirre and his American colleague Valter Longo found no cases of diabetes and only one non-lethal case of cancer.

When they looked at the group’s normal-sized relatives, who lived in the same town over the same period, around17 per cent had been diagnosed with cancer and 5 per cent had diabetes – the same rate found among other Ecuadorian adults.

The researchers concluded that growth hormone must have a downside in normal size adults. ”The growth hormone receptor-deficient people don’t get two of the major diseases of ageing,” said Associate Professor Longo, a biologist at the University of Southern California.

To understand how this mutation could protect against cancer and diabetes, the researchers studied the effects of compounds in the participants’ blood.

They found low levels of IGF-1 could reduce DNA damage and promote cell death when DNA damage did occur – two processes that decrease cancer-promoting behaviour in cells.

The Laron group also had lower blood insulin levels, which accounted for the absence of diabetes.

People with Loran dwarfism were instead more likely to die from accidents, cardiovascular disease or alcohol-related causes, the researchers found.

Drugs that reduce growth hormone are readily available and are used to treat people with gigantism. The risks and benefits of giving adults these or similar drugs to reduce growth hormones would need to be weighed up against the side-effects of drugs used to treat diabetes and cancer, said Professor Longo, whose findings are published in the journal Science Translational Medicine.

Sourced & published by Henry Sapiecha


Wednesday, January 12th, 2011
  • For really stubborn splinters,
  • Sprinkle salt on your finger and get a tomato. ! No more splinter — and no more torture with needles or tweezers! Experiment & see it work.
  • Sourced & published by Henry Sapiecha


Wednesday, January 12th, 2011

  • Undo bruises with a BANANA?! Yes! Your kids or grandkids especially will love this. Place the banana peel on the bruise . Relieves the pain almost instantly, speeds healing, reduces discoloration. So effective (and funny-sounding) kids stop crying and start laughing!
  • Sourced & published by Henry Sapiecha


Thursday, December 23rd, 2010


*Grow new breasts

*Replace damaged tissues

*Body parts grown on demand

*No more organ transplants needed

Body fat has the highest level of stem cells in the human body
Stem cells from body fat promisingVIEW VIDEO HERE

Stem cells from body fat promising

Dec 17 – A San Diego-based company is breaking new ground in the field of regenerative medicine with a system that uses patients’ own body fat to generate stem cells and repair tissue and organs. Ben Gruber reports.

Sourced & published by Henry Sapiecha


Thursday, September 30th, 2010

Patrick O’Brien’s

Aboriginal Multi-Purpose Healing Lotion & bush remedy.

This age-old healing lotion is a hydrasol. Now, a hydrasol is usually the byproduct of distilling leaf material to obtain an essential oil. We all know of essential oils, peppermint, lavender, eucalyptus etc. The usual process of obtaining essential oils assumes the essential oil is the primary product, and the hydrasol, the water, and the nutrients from the leaves, are left behind after distilling, is considered a by-product.

But what if the hydrasol itself is the primary product, rather than the by-product of distilling leaf material? That is the case with this amazing Aboriginal Multi-Purpose Healing Lotion. In most eucalyptus oil distillation processes, eucalyptus globulis, grown in plantations is used. Not so with this product. Other selected eucalypt species are collected, and distilled to provide this amazing hydrasol. The eucalyptus oil is discarded, and the hydrasol is retained.

The Aboriginal Multi-Purpose Healing Lotion retains and enhances the properties of the original leaf. Eucalyptus leaves have antiseptic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, expectorant, and antiviral properties. The leaves contain tannins (which are believed to help reduce inflammation), flavonoids (such as quercetin, which has antioxidant properties), and volatile oils.

Herbalist Patrick O’Brien is proud to have been chosen by Jolti (a small Aboriginal family company who make the lotion) to bottle and market this age-old healing lotion. At the request of Jolti, a charitable funding component has been built into the Healing Lotion to be donated to the Bulega Childrens Foundation of Bangalore. As well, another funding component has been added to donate to the Wildlife Protection Association of Australia Inc to further their wildlife education and information projects to schools….a total of 15% of the price of the Healing Lotion goes to charity!

Aboriginal Multi-Purpose Healing Lotion is used for skincare, rubbing the lotion on the hands, arms, face, or body refreshes and tones the skin, and helps provide skin clarity and color. The Lotion also helps keep biting insects at bay, relieves the pain of sunburn, soothes bites and scratches, and relieves itching. It also has pain relief properties for aching muscles or joints. We use it ourselves regularly, and find it wonderful. Patrick O’Brien, HH(Dip)MH Herbalist.

Articles have been used from the peoples below.Get into their link and view products

For more details and postage prices go to and click on the healing lotion icon in the lefthand menu. for more information!

Sourced & published by Henry Sapiecha


Thursday, September 30th, 2010

Keeping Dieting Simple for Greater Weight Loss Success

When you are dieting it is easy to bounce from one good sounding diet to the next in your bid to lose weight fast. Those who enjoy the most success when losing weight are those who are sensible about the process. Here are some tips that will help you to lose weight sensibly without making you crazy in the process.

The best way to start any attempt to lose excess weight is to record everything that you eat, and what you were doing at the time you were eating as well as how you felt during the meal or snack. Your food diary will reveal a lot about your eating habits. Your eating habits are what makes up your eating pattern which typically involves overeating for a variety of reasons including emotional eating (when you are upset, nervous, or even excited), to avoid having to talk at meals, or because you just love food and have no idea how much food you should be eating at each meal or snack. The food diary will tell a lot about what foods you eat, your food temptations, your emotional state while eating and how often you eat.

Another smart tip is to brush your teeth if you feel tempted to eat a sweet or other goodie that would destroy your goal of losing weight. Most people have an aversion to eating food right after brushing. If you must, give in to the temptation to cheat on your diet with a tasty morsel or sweet by giving yourself permission to eat it, but only half of the food item instead of the entire thing. Another way to avoid temptation is to wait ten minutes before letting yourself have the goodie in order to give yourself time to focus on other things instead of eating. Sometimes this works and sometimes it doesn’t depending on your ability to be distracted and your willpower to lose weight.

Building up willpower is sometimes easier if you have motivation that is right in front of your face when temptation to stray from your diet rears its ugly head. A motivational reminder can be a picture of the new bathing suit your are hoping to wear when you lose weight, or a photo of a wedding couple as a reminder that you want to lose weight before your wedding. Anything that is a physical reminder of your reason for wanting to lose weight will be a visible reminder when you are being tempted.

Make sure that your weight loss goals are reasonable ones and that they are attainable in the time frame that you have given yourself. Make smaller goals along the way to your ultimate goal. Get adequate amounts of sleep, drink 8 glasses of water a day, exercise daily, avoid sugar and eat smaller more frequent meals are perhaps the most important weight loss tips. Have a buddy to go through your weight loss program with, one who is also trying to lose weight or one who is able to support you and understand your weight loss efforts. Drink a full glass of water as soon as you wake up, and before each meal and snack. A full glass of cold water to start your day also starts your metabolism. A metabolism that has been jumpstarted with a glass of cold water will burn more calories than a person who wakes, and does other activities besides drinking water or eating. When you drink adequate amounts of water, the water acts as a diuretic, which will then cut down on the water retention and give you a full feeling before meals and snacks so you eat less.

Sourced & published by Henry Sapiecha