Archive for the ‘OFFAL FAECES STOOLS’ Category


Wednesday, June 22nd, 2016

Newcastle Private Hospital.image

Newcastle Private Hospital.NSW.Australia. Photo: Fiona Morris

Colleen Stefanyszyn, of the Newcastle suburb Merewether, vomited faecal material for several days before her death following surgery at Newcastle Private Hospital in December, 2008.

It was “the worst red flag that a surgeon would see”, a medical expert said during a NSW Supreme Court hearing that resulted in negligence findings against her gynaecologist and the hospital, and the possibility of contempt action against the hospital relating to the Supreme Court proceedings.

Mrs Stefanyszyn’s death was preventable, NSW Supreme Court Justice Monika Schmidt found in a decision on Tuesday that was highly critical of the hospital and its breaches of duty of care that contributed to Mrs Stefanyszyn’s death.

Justice Schmidt accepted Newcastle gynaecologist and obstetrician Dr Oliver Brown’s admission that he breached his duty of care to Mrs Stefanyszyn and that it had resulted in her death.

Mrs Stefanyszyn’s death “could have been prevented, had available surgical steps been taken”, Justice Schmidt said.

Mrs Stefanyszyn, 61, had vaginal hysterectomy elective surgery at the hospital on December 1, 2008.

During the operation a loop of suture material “inadvertently looped around Mrs Stefanyszyn’s bowel”, resulting in a blockage, Justice Schmidt said.

She lived for just four days after the surgery, vomiting faecal matter from the third day, starting with a “coffee-coloured fluid” on the night of December 3.

While Dr Brown’s response to Mrs Stefanyszyn’s symptoms until the third day was reasonable, it was the medical experts’ common ground that his approach to her subsequent care “was not only wrong, but inexplicable, given her deteriorating condition” that included continued faecal vomiting, Justice Schmidt found.

“Despite Mrs Stefanyszyn not recovering from the surgery as was expected and her deteriorating condition, the cause of her symptoms was not investigated, the blockage was not identified and surgical steps necessary to remove it were not taken, with her death the result,” Justice Schmidt found.

“The result was that the blockage was not identified or addressed; infection set in; she repeatedly vomited faecal material; she inhaled some of that material with resulting pneumonia; her electrolytic balance became disordered; her oxygen levels deteriorated; and finally, she suffered a fatal cardiac arrest.”

Justice Schmidt was highly critical of the hospital, its breaches of duty to Mrs Stefanyszyn which were “more extensive than it finally admitted”, the failure of its staff to record observations of Mrs Stefanyszyn on the three days before her death, and the hospital’s decision not to call evidence to address issues of its breaches.

Dr Brown’s “failure to give evidence in support of his own case and the hospital’s failure to call evidence in its, is that such evidence would not have assisted their respective cases”, Justice Schmidt found.

The hospital’s failures “did not give rise to a mere possibility of injury, but actually materially contributed to the death which resulted from both its failures and those of Dr Brown”, Justice Schmidt found.

The matter returns to court on Friday where Justice Schmidt will consider whether the hospital should face contempt proceedings over aspects of the court case.

Justice Schmidt noted the hospital, Mrs Stefanyszyn’s husband Walter and daughters Leigh and Megan had settled a compensation case.

In a notice in the Newcastle Herald on the second anniversary of his wife’s death Mr Stefanyszyn wrote: “I have lost my soul’s companion, a life linked with my own. Day by day I miss you more, as I walk through life alone. Forever Wal.”

Her daughters wrote: “What is home without a mother? All things this world may send, but when we lost our darling mother, we lost our dearest friend. Love Leigh and Megan.”

Newcastle Herald


Henry Sapiecha

China’s gruesome shameful live organ harvest & crimes against humanity exposed in these 3 video documentaries

Tuesday, April 7th, 2015

Human rigts lawyer David Matas has spoken out about organ harvesting in China.image

Human rigts lawyer David Matas has spoken out about organ harvesting in China.

China’s hospitals are harvesting the body parts of thousands of political prisoners and removing their vital organs while they are still alive, according to a harrowing documentary exposing the horrific state-sanctioned practice.

Doctors and medical students working in state-run civilian and military hospitals take up to 11,000 organs a year from donors under no anaesthetic to supply China’s lucrative “organs on-demand” transplant program, say a network of invesitgators comprised of international researchers, doctors and human rights lawyers attempting to end the macabre abuses.

The documentary, Human Harvest: China’s Organ Trafficking, by Canadian filmmaker Leon Lee, followed these investigators for eight years as they worked to mobilise international condemnation of what they say is a booming billion-dollar organ harvesting industry for the benefit of wealthy paying organ recipients.

“When I cut through [the body] blood was still running … this person was not dead,” said one doctor of his first encounter with live organ harvesting as a medical student filmed by Lee.

“I took the liver and two kidneys. It took me 30 minutes,” he said.

A former Chinese hospital worker and doctor’s wife, whose identity was withheld, told Lee that her husband had removed the corneas of 2000 people while they were still alive. Afterwards the bodies were secretly incinerated.

China has the second highest rate of transplants in the world, with startlingly short wait times for transplant recipients of just two to three weeks.

But a recent Red Cross report found only 37 people nationwide were registered organ donors and harvesting organs from executed prisoners did not come close to accounting for the more than 10,000 transplant procedures performed every year.

Human Rights Lawyer and nobel peace prize nominee David Matas told Lee that living political prisoners make up for the shortfall, with the long-persecuted and banned religious group, the Falun Gong, key targets

religious Falun Gong have been identified as key targets of China's live organ harvesting program in a documentary.image

“Somebody’s being killed for the organs,” human rights lawyer David Matas says.

“There’s no other way to explain what’s happening.”

Chinese officials have denied the allegations, claiming organ donors are volunteers. However, under China’s president Xi Jinping, the government has vowed the program would we wound up by August this year, hanging the blame on former security chief Zhou Yongkang.

But Matas and his colleagues are pushing for the perpetrators to stand before the International Criminal Court for crimes against humanity.

The film aired on SBS Dateline on Tuesday night.


Henry Sapiecha

Doctor Tom Borody claims faecal transplants curing incurable diseases like Crohn’s

Tuesday, October 7th, 2014

Australian doctor, Professor Tom Borody claims to be able to cure diseases such as Crohn’s, Colitis, auto immune conditions and even neurological disease with a treatment known as Faecal Microbiota Transplantation. (Credit: ABC)




An Australian doctor claims he is curing incurable diseases using an all-natural waste product we usually flush away – human stool.

Professor Tom Borody has been championing the treatment, known as faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT), for 25 years.

As modern science begins to appreciate the critical role gut bacteria plays in human health, his treatment of diseases including Crohn’s and colitis, auto immune diseases and even neurological disease is provoking both criticism and excitement.

While some doctors regard faecal transplants as potentially dangerous, two of Australia’s biggest teaching hospitals are embarking on a large national trial.

Professor Borody is at science’s new frontier, manipulating the bacteria that live in the human gut.

“In terms of genetics there are 3.1 million genes. That’s a hell of a crowd of individuals living in our colon,” he said.

Bacterial cells far outnumber human cells in our bodies and bacteria experts including CSIRO’s chief research scientist, Dr David Topping, believe the world is at the edge of an extraordinary medical revolution that will come through the understanding of the so-called human microbiome.

“I think we’re on the edge of something extraordinary. The attention has switched entirely to the large bowel bacterial population which we now know is absolutely critical to human health,” Dr Topping said.

Professor Borody is not waiting for controlled clinical trials to treat a range of diseases.

Patients travel to his Sydney clinic from as far as the UK. Many are seriously ill. They come for FMT, where donor human stool is injected into their intestines or colons.

“We know that bacteria manufacture active anti-microbial molecules so when we infuse these new bacteria they are like a factory of antibiotics that have gone in there and they weed out and kill the bug that we cannot identify,” Professor Borody said.

FMT is now recognised in the US as a first line treatment to combat an epidemic of the antibiotic-resistant and often deadly gut bacteria, C.difficile.

But Professor Borody claims he has also cured dozens of colitis and Crohn’s cases, gut diseases regarded as incurable.

“I think it’s a hell of a breakthrough to say we can cure colitis,” he said.

Nurse ‘cured’ of Crohn’s after faecal transplant

Today nurse Suzanne Heskett is full of energy and walks several kilometres each day, but 13 years ago she was very ill, diagnosed with Crohn’s, a disease she believed would never be cured.

“I really believe that I was so sick that I would have ended up with part of my bowel removed,” she said.

“I was going to the toilet 18 times a day. I was sitting on the toilet for hours, cramping and in pain.”

During a consultation with Professor Borody he told her a cure was possible. It was an opportunity that Ms Heskett could not turn down.

“When Professor Borody offered this chance of a cure I thought: what if it works?” she said.

“They put a nasal tube down into my small intestine. I had three donors – about 950 mils –  and all up it took about five hours.”

She says she felt better almost immediately and over several months her condition steadily improved.

“Eleven months after having the stool transplant I had another colonoscopy to see what it looked like,” she said.

“I remember I was waking up from the anaesthetic and I heard Professor Borody say if he hadn’t known I’d had Crohn’s he wouldn’t have believed it. I was so happy.”

Ms Heskett’s colon has been healthy for 12 years with no sign of the Crohn’s infection that had kept her housebound for years.

Australian Gastroenterological Society urges caution

Other doctors, however, are not convinced faecal transplantation cured Ms Heskett.

Dr Katie Ellard, president of the Australian Gastroenterological Society, says no data exists to show FMT cures anything except infections caused by the bacteria, C.difficile.

“Crohn’s disease can wax and wane and people can get better for a while without intervention,” she said.

“It’s inappropriate to let enthusiasm overtake caution and start doing FMT for all sorts of conditions where we don’t know if it works or if there is a potential downside.

“We don’t know how to manipulate the faecal microbiota do we? It’s not impossible that we could do something that could give the patient symptoms or exacerbate their problem.”

Mainstream medicine may not have embraced faecal transplants, but Professor Borody has a patient waiting list that extends into next year.

His collaborator Emeritus Professor Robert Clancy says FMT is not only safe but a game-changer.

“If we can completely change the outcome of a significant proportion of patients with colitis for the very first time then it tells us a lot more about what is causing it,” he said.

“It opens up opportunities for other areas and conditions. It’s very exciting to be on the edge of this new idea about how the bacteria in the gut are driving and talking to the rest of the body.”

Professor believes gut is gateway to toxins

Controversially, Professor Borody believes the gut is the gateway for toxins to enter the body, triggering an array of seemingly unrelated diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, Parkinson’s and autism.

He says he has been surprised many times when diseases far from the gut have eased or vanished following faecal microbiota transplantations.

“We’ve had a young person with rheumatoid arthritis and it went away. It was classic rheumatoid factor positive RA,” he said.

Professor Borody also claims symptoms of Parkinson’s eased in three patients treated for chronic constipation.

But scepticism is strong. Autism Australia says there is no evidence that antibiotics can treat autism, and Parkinson’s groups do not recommend patients have faecal transplants.

The Australian Medical Association does not have a view on the treatment, and Medicare offers no rebate.

Case for gut pathogens triggering diseases builds

But worldwide, as interest grows, the case for gut pathogens triggering a vast range of diseases is building.

“It makes sense that molecules can get into the body’s system and change it, affect immunity, cause allergies,” Professor Clancy said.

“It is just an extension of that idea that pathogens would disturb brain structure and function, and the heart. We’re looking at everything afresh.”

Recently scientists found the distinct pathological signature for Parkinson’s in the colons of people in the early stage of the disease.

The CSIRO thinks such discoveries open the way for a profound change in treating and perhaps one day preventing diseases that plague the modern world.

“The interaction between microflora, particularly their products and their substrate, holds immense potential for the management and prevention of serious diseases, colorectal cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, perhaps even conditions like Alzheimer’s, autism and Parkinson’s,” Dr Topping said.

A nationwide trial of faecal transplants as a treatment for colitis is about to get underway, under the direction of St Vincent’s hospitals in Sydney and Melbourne.

It makes sense that molecules can get into the body’s system and change it, affect immunity, cause allergies.

Emeritus Professor Robert Clancy

It’s inappropriate to let enthusiasm overtake caution and start doing FMT for all sorts of conditions where we don’t know if it works or if there is a potential downside.

Henry Sapiecha

Dr Katie Ellard